Niger, in West Africa’s Sahara region, is four-fifths the size of Alaska. It is surrounded by Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, and Burkina Faso. The Niger River in the southwest flows through the country’s only fertile area. Elsewhere the land is semiarid.
Niamey – 890 000 people
all city from Niger
Country lead by
President: Tandja Mamadou (1999)
Prime Minister: Hama Amadou (1999)
12,525,094 (growth rate: 2.9%); birth rate: 50.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 118.2/1000; life expectancy: 43.8; density per sq mi: 26
489,072 sq mi (1,266,699 sq km); total area: 489,191 sq mi (1,267,000 sq km)
French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Islam 80%, indigenous beliefs and Christian 20%
Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 10,100 km; paved: 798 km; unpaved: 9,302 km (1999 est.). Waterways: the Niger is navigable 300 km from Niamey to Gaya on the Benin frontier from mid-December through March. Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 27 (2002).